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100 Voices: Sioux, Cheyenne, Arapahoe, Crow, Arikara and American Eye-witness accounts of the Battle of the Little Bighorn

  A Note on 100 Voices by Bruce Brown
100 Voices: Full List * Crow/Arikara * Sioux/Cheyenne * American * Rosebud
Guided Tours: Crazy Horse at the Little Bighorn * Crazy Horse at the Rosebud
Features:
Who Killed Custer? * Who Killed Custer? Audio Book
Crazy Horse Surrender Ledger * Winter Count of Crazy Horse's Life
Bogus Crazy Horse Photos * Unsung 7th Cavalry Scouts Saga
Indian Battlefield Tactics * Woman Warriors * Little Bighorn Maps
U.S. Medal of Honor Winners * U.S. Atrocities * Indian Atrocities
Little Bighorn Mysteries * Virtual Museum

Source materials for "Conversations With Crazy Horse" by Bruce Brown

Sioux warrior's shirt

Sioux warrior's buckskin shirt adorned with beads, quills, paint and dozens of scalplocks. From the collection of David T. Vernon, which is now permanently displayed at the Colter Bay Visitor Center in Grand Teton National Park.

Sioux warrior's shirtThe shirt at right belonged to the Cheyenne "Peace Chief," Stone Calf.

According to the Union Station catalog notes:

This painted and beaded war shirt belonged to Cheyenne chief Stone Calf. He began as a warrior but later he became one of the "peace chiefs," the civil (as opposed to military) leaders who opposed unnecessary violence. He was the only Cheyenne chief to attend a meeting of various tribes' leaders in 1870, at what was to become the Darlington Agency near Fort Reno, Okla. Stone Calf and his wife visited Washington D. C. in both 1871 and 1873, sitting for formal photographic portraits that survive today as part of the Smithsonian collections.

George Bent wrote of the importance of war shirts to the Cheyenne warriors: "The shield and war shirts had sacred qualities. Many men had shields but only a few of the bravest were allowed to make war shirts. A man who owned a war shirt might lend it to a friend, but the man borrowing the shirt had to show uncommon bravery while wearing it. If he did not he was 'talked about' and shamed. With these war shirts went a number of rules which the wearer was compelled to obey." Bent noted that these rules were so difficult to follow that few war shirts were made. (A Life of George Bent, p. 207)

Sioux scalp shirt purechased by John Bourke from Little Big Man

The scalp shirt above, now in the collection of the the American Bureau of Ethnography (which was purchased by from Little Big Man by John Bourke), is purported to have been worn by Crazy Horse. Although it may possibly have been part of his Shirt-Wearer pariphenalia, this scalp shirt was likely never worn in battle Crazy Horse, since all accounts agree that he always fought unadorned, e.g. Lazy White Bull's description of Crazy Horse at the Little Bighorn.

The scalp shirt below is purportedly Cheyenne.

Sioux warrior's shirt


The Spirit of Native America: Beauty & Mysticism in American Art by Anna Lee Walters, Chronicle Books, San Francisco 1989, p 78

  A Note on 100 Voices by Bruce Brown
100 Voices: Full List * Crow/Arikara * Sioux/Cheyenne * American * Rosebud
Guided Tours: Crazy Horse at the Little Bighorn * Crazy Horse at the Rosebud
Features:
Who Killed Custer? * Who Killed Custer? Audio Book
Crazy Horse Surrender Ledger * Winter Count of Crazy Horse's Life
Bogus Crazy Horse Photos * Unsung 7th Cavalry Scouts Saga
Indian Battlefield Tactics * Woman Warriors * Little Bighorn Maps
U.S. Medal of Honor Winners * U.S. Atrocities * Indian Atrocities
Little Bighorn Mysteries * Virtual Museum

Click here for "Conversations With Crazy Horse" by Bruce Brown


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Who Killed Custer Audio Book cover

"Crazy Horse In Action" by Bruce Brown on Astonisher.com

"The Unsung Seventh Cavalry Scouts Saga" by Bruce Brown on Astonisher.com

"The Complete Crazy Horse Surrender Ledger" by Bruce Brown on Astonisher.com

3D satellite maps of the Little Bighorn from Astonisher.com's 100 Voices

"Conversation With Crazy Horse," new fiction by Bruce Brown on Astonisher.com