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by Bruce Brown
HERE IS THE complete Crazy Horse Surrender Ledger, the census of Crazy Horse's band compiled by the U.S. Army on May 6, 1877, the day Crazy Horse and his nearly 900 followers surrendered at Fort Robinson, Nebraska.
Astonisher.com is pleased to present the complete Crazy Horse Surrender Ledger here -- in an accessible, easily studied form -- for the first time ever.
Access to the full list and the data on lodge composition and children is both fascinating and immediately illuminating.
For instance, it reveals that Crazy Horse shared a lodge with Tall Bull and his family, that Little Big Man was apparently not captured at the Battle of Slim Buttes (as Short Bull recalled 54 years later), that powerful warriors White Twin and Knife Chief were with Crazy Horse when he surrendered, as was Charging Hawk (one of the prime nominees to be Custer's killer -- see Who Killed Custer? for more info).
An amusing sidelight of the Crazy Horse Surrender Ledger is the presence of many scatological names like Shits On His Hand, Pisses In The Horn, Soft Prick, Snatch Stealer, Makes Widows Cry, Tanned Nuts, and the woman, Bull Proof. These names may reflect the Sioux habit of enlisting a winkte (a male transvestite, whom the Sioux believed had the power of prophesy) to give children "joke names."
It has also been suggested that members of Crazy Horse's band may have used these names when they surrendered as a tacit, passive form of disrespect for the surrender process. Another obvious possibility is that these scatological Sioux names were intended to disguise the true identity of the individuals. Who were the last three members of Crazy Horse's band to surrender -- really? We'll never know for sure, but I'll bet they were better known by names other than the ones they gave the gullible Americans: Singing Prick, Stinking Tie, Dog Nothing.
Finally, we are pleased to return one member of Crazy Horse's band -- Scabby Place -- to the list. Somehow, Scabby Place was entirely omitted from the Crazy Horse Surrender Ledger in the difficult and frustrating version published by the Nebraska State Historical Society in 1994. (Scabby Face, page 165 line 1, was on the Nebraska Historical Society's version of the list, but Scabby Place, page 165 line 13, was left out.)
There is also a great deal more information for those who wish to study. So here is the complete Crazy Horse Surrender Ledger, as it was taken down in longhand on May 6, 1877 by Lt. Charles A. Johnson and Charles P. Jordan, the chief clerk for the Red Cloud Agency, in globally-searchable form for the first time ever...
-- Bruce Brown
[Red Cloud Agency] Register May 6, 1877
Crazy Horse Band Sioux
The Crazy Horse Surrender Ledger, edited by Thomas Bueker and R. Eli Paul, Nebraska State Historical Society, Lincoln, NE 1994, p 157 - 165
.For more information on Crazy Horse, please see Crazy Horse in Action at the Rosebud and the Little Bighorn, Indian Battlefield Tactics, Bogus Crazy Horse Photos, the Chicago Times' coverage of Crazy Horse's surrender and the Winter Count of Crazy Horse's Life.
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